Rare Book Collection

Finding Aid Completed by Eric Roth, May 14, 2002
Updated March 11, 2013
Volume: 1 cu. ft.
Acquisition: The ciphering books were donated separately and aggregated together at the repository. Acquisition information for each book is provided in the Item Descriptions.
Access: Unrestricted.
Copyright: Request for permission to publish materials from these records should be discussed with the Archivist and Director of Historic Huguenot Street.

Special thanks to Nedra Henderson for processing this collection.

Provenance Statement

The majority of the recipe books and papers in this collection originally came to the Huguenot Historical Society together with collections of personal and family papers and manuscripts, but were aggregated by Alice J. Hasbrouck during the course of research for her book "As Our Ancestors Cooked" published by the Huguenot Historical Society in 1976. [1] Alice J. Hasbrouck is the widow of late Huguenot Historical Society President Kenneth E. Hasbrouck (1915-1996).

Collection Description

The books and accompanying papers in this collection were originally kept by individuals, primarily housewives, physicians, and/or schoolteachers from the Mid-Hudson Valley. There are numerous references to Ulster and Orange counties (specifically the towns of New Paltz, Lloyd, Gardiner, Kingston, and New Hurley), but Dutchess County and towns in Albany County are occasionally mentioned as well. The materials span the 140 year period from the turn of the nineteenth century through to the mid-twentieth century.

There are three main formats of the records: handwritten, bound and loose manuscripts; clippings from newspapers and magazines; and published or otherwise widely distributed pamphlets and advertisements. The condition of the collection varies greatly, and many of the items are in poor condition, showing signs of damage from yellowing, tearing, folding, fading, and staining. Some of the bindings of bound items are intact, but separation among others is apparent. The handwriting also varies, but is generally legible throughout the collection.

The main informational content in the records is comprised of recipes for culinary dishes, remedies for common ailments, and information for household advice. Other topics also include schoolwork, notes about the weather, and novelty items about European Royalty or other well-known individuals. The recipes primarily include listings of ingredients, and rarely include instructions. The recipes for baked desserts, which comprise the majority of the recipes, include dishes such as cakes, pies, cookies, doughnuts, puddings, sweet breads, and muffins and other similar foods, many of which appear to be Dutch or French in origin. Some of the recipes of specific interest are those that were given descriptive or commemorative names. Examples include Hygenic Cookies, Lafayette Ginger Cake, Mountain Cake, Lord Wellington's Cake with caraway seeds, Cork Cake, Shrewsbury Cake, Indian Pudding, Quaker Cake, Jenny Lind Cake, Love Cake, Paradise Pudding, Lincoln Cake, Current Shrub, Sermon Cake, Essie Bevier's Honey Cake, M. Phinney's Ice Cream, Indian Bread, and Dutchess County Cake. Other types of recipes given in the collection are savory dishes condiments, and beverages. Types of savory dishes include meat, fish, and egg dishes (including cakes and potpies), noodles, salads, breads, foods for invalids, soups, and pickled foods. There are also several types of condiments listed, including catsup, picallilli, meat cures, pickles, wine sauces, cucumber pickles, potato chips, salads, and beverages such as beers (alcoholic and non-alcoholic), wines, and teas.

The recipes regularly list as ingredients items such as sugar, molasses, butter, milk, eggs, and flour, cream of tartar, baking soda, gelatin, honey, cloves, cinnamon, allspice, nutmeg, and mace, although other less-known ingredients such as emptins (homemade yeast) and pearl ash, saleratus, isinglass, calf's foot, and hartshorn are mentioned as well. In some cases, particular brand names or subspecies of produce are also specified.

Very few preparatory instructions are given with the recipes. Throughout the collection, measurements of ingredients listed in the recipes are typically given in vague terms such as wine glasses, spoons, or handfuls, but there is some sense that the movement towards modern methods of specification and standardization of measurements occurs over time. Toward the end of the nineteenth century and certainly into the twentieth, c ontemporary measurements such as cups, teaspoons, quarts, pints, ounces, and other common terms grow in usage. Other measurements such as drachma, gills, and cents-weight are also occasionally mentioned.

In addition to the recipes, this collection contains numerous entries involving medicinal-type cures, remedy mixtures, and other similar instructions for common ailments suffered by humans and livestock that would have been used by both professional physicians, farmers, and housewives throughout the Mid-Hudson Valley. Types of ailments listed in the records are typically described in colloquial or popular language and include common diseases such as diphtheria, scarlet fever, pneumonia, dyspepsia, dysentery, influenza, cholera, measles; breathing and throat irritations such as sore throat, rheumatism, asthma, coughs, catarrh (bronchial irritation); and other health detriments, including headaches, lockjaw, croup, earache, pin-worms, ringworm, chills, cold sores, hydrophobia, earaches, poison ivy, snake bite, cancer, sunstroke, and poisons, burns, sprains, warts, bruises, felon, boils, baldness, drowning victims, and even ãdislodging a fish bone from the throat.ä Aspects of the cures involve a variety of procedures and mixtures. Some call for actions such as cleansing the blood or applying presses and poultices and homemade liniments, while others list ingredients for mixtures involving herbs, water, milk, laudanum, rum, morphine, paregoric, and other substances in varying combinations and dosages.

Finally, the collection contains references regarding standard household advice and other miscellaneous information intended for use in homes, farms and private businesses. Apparent are hints for tanning lamb-skins, killing horseflies, making whitewash, dyeing cotton, preserving leaves and grasses for decorative purposes, and making soap, lamp oil, dyes, tree-grafting wax, and bedspreads. Other materials include schoolwork and lessons, financial accounts, obituaries, remembrances and acknowledgements for deceased individuals, poems, advertisements, photographs, greeting cards, and newspaper clippings.

There are numerous other collections located in the archives of the Huguenot Historical Society specifically relating to food preparation cooking and medicine. [2] More information about types of food, kitchen, and medical supplies and services can be found in records such as account books, receipts, estate inventories, and letters typically located in collections of personal and family papers. Published cookbooks can be found in the Huguenot Historical Society's Library Reference Collection and in the Rare Book Collection.

Item List

Brodhead, H.D. Scrapbook and Papers (1860-1918).
Bruyn Family. Recipe Book (1812-1832).
Deyo, Clemmey. Recipe Book (1799-1836).
Deyo, Merrit. Remedy Book (1841-1852).
DuBois, Philip. Recipe Book and Papers (early-to-mid 19 th century).
Elting, Anna Maria. Recipe Book (1819-ca. 1869).
Graham, Maria H. and Phinney, Louisa. Recipe/Ciphering Book and Papers (1874-1907).
Howell, Mary Clinton. Recipe Book and Papers (1861-1922).
Kiersted, Etta J. Recipe Book and Papers (1869-1919).
Miscellaneous. Recipes, Clippings, Pamphlets, etc. (1883-1940)
Phinney, Leander. Diary and Papers (1838-1930).
Sutton, Hattie F. Recipe Book and Papers (1877-1892).
Unidentified. Recipe Book and Papers (1831-1917).

Item Descriptions

BRODHEAD, H.D. Scrapbook and Papers (1860-1918). Donated by William D. Corwin in 1970.

Newspaper clippings, both loose and pasted into a store-bought hard leather bound book, containing recipes, remedies for ailments, household hints, poems, obituaries, advertisements, letters, and other items, all compiled by the Brodhead family. The scrapbook was originally used as an account book during the 1830's, but the newspaper clippings were affixed over all but a very few accounting entries. The recipes make up only a small portion of this book and accompanying papers, totaling approximately 65 recipes relating to both sweet and savory dishes, and condiments. Sweet recipes, which make up the majority of the recipes, include fruit cake, cider jellies, puddings, gingerbread (both hard and soft), lemon pie, chocolate cake, coconut pie, parity cake, excelsior cake, marble cake, sponge cake, cookies, apple dowdy, apple dumplings, mincemeat, jellies and marmalades, jelly cakes, blackberry wine, and ãHygenic cookies. Ingredients used for the sweet dishes contain the standard items such as milk, butter, eggs, flour, molasses, raisins, yeast, etc., but also include specifically named fruits such as New England Fox Grapes, Damson and Greengage plums and quinces, Siberian Crab Apples, acid-bough apples, and Spitzenberg and "Greening" apples. The savory dishes, mainly found in the loose clippings, contain recipes for homemade noodles, Tomato Soy (sweet catsup), and picallilli. Contemporary measurements such as cups and teaspoon are used frequently in the recipes, but instructions for preparation are still minimal. The book and papers also contain remedies for ailments and diseases such as diptheria, sore throat, rheumatism, catarrh, asthma, scarlet fever, headaches, lockjaw, pneumonia, dyspepsia, croup, earache, pin-worms, as well as livestock ailments such as horse-colick, and chicken gapes. Other items include household hints for tanning lamb-skins, killing horseflies, making whitewash, dyeing cotton, preserving leaves and grasses for decorative purposes; obituaries, remembrances and acknowledgements for Lizzie A. Klein of Port Ewen, Kate Schoonmaker, schoolteacher, Charlie Larkin, Arthur Palen of Middletown; writing excercises of Daisy Brodhead (1902), poems, and advertisements for ãswing (butter)churnsä (1883-1884), and for property of H.D. and S.E. Brodhead (1918).

BRUYN FAMILY. Recipe Book (1812-1832). Donor Unknown.

Fragment of bound journal and loose papers containing approximately 55 handwritten recipes, mostly relating to baked desserts, although recipes for cures for beef and ham are present as well. Also, an 1827 newspaper clipping found in the book contains a recipe for "Small Beer." Recipes for baked desserts include cakes, waffles, pies, gingerbread, lard pudding, dough-nuts, and crullers. The majority of the recipes are for cakes such as Lafayette Ginger Cake, Mountain Cake, Lord Wellington's Cake with caraway seeds, Imperial Cake with mace and rose water, Indian Cake, pound cake, sponge cake, composition cake with pearl ash leavening, bread cake, coconut cake, and fruit cake. Measurements for the recipes are typically identified by weight or by teacup. The book also includes miscellaneous household hints for making soap and lamp oil, and three brief accounts of employees Jacob Vanbleck, Moses Rhinehart, and Jemima Schoonmaker, relating to payment for their labor. There are also two poems entitled "New Year's Day" and "Absence" that were possibly written or copied by Maria Bruyn and/or Johannes Bruyn in 1830 and 1832, respectively. The book is missing its front board and inside cover and is very fragile.

DEYO, CLEMMEY. Recipe Book (1799-1836). Donor unknown.

Formerly known as "Zachariah Hoffman's Day Book, 1801." Small hand-sewn book kept by Clemmey Deyo for cake and other baked dessert recipes. The book appears to have originally belonged to Zachariah Hoffman, who kept it from 1799-1801 as a daybook to record financial transactions involving school tuition, tailoring, and domestic goods such as eggs, butter, and beeswax. Only a few such entries are present, however. Currencies represented include pounds, shillings, and pence. It is unsure how the book came to Clemmey Deyo. In the book, she recorded approximately twenty recipes for a variety of pound, sponge, and gingerbread cakes, fried cakes, cookies, rusks (twice-baked bread/cookies), as well as tansey beer and ginger brew. The majority of these recipes contain ingredients only and do not give instructions. Typical ingredients for these baked desserts included sugar, molasses, butter, milk, eggs, and flour, although other less-known ingredients such as emptins (homemade yeast) and pearl ash (baking soda) are mentioned as well. Measurements are chiefly identified by weight or by volume using terms such as cup, tea-cup, wine-glass, or drachma. Persons other than Clemmey Deyo listed in the book include Merrit Deyo and Sally Deyo (1832), who appear to have been practicing penmanship and grammar. These exercises contain moral phrases about virtue, as well as examples of doodling, and poem fragments. There is also a recipe for liniment comprised of skunk cabbage and wild turnips. To view a few pages from this recipe book, click here.

DEYO, MERRIT. Remedy Book (1841-1852). Donor Unknown.

Formerly known as "Merrit Deyo's Book." Small hand-sewn book kept by Merrit Deyo chiefly containing 40 home remedies for common ailments suffered by both humans and livestock. Ailments covered by these remedies include sore throats, cattarrh (bronchial irritation), rheumatism, burns, sprains, warts, bruises, headaches, dysentary, ringworm, and snake bite. Some of the aspects of the cures involve cleansing the blood, applying presses and poultices and homemade liniments, consuming herbs mixed with water, milk, laudanum, and other liquids. There are also financial accounts concerning the sale of beef, pork, oats, and corn, and payments for debts, taxes, tombstones, horseshoes, and miscellaneous repair work. Other entries concern weather conditions. Towns of Middlefield, Westford, Clarksville, and Cherry Valley, New York are mentioned. The book is in fair condition and quite legible throughout.

DUBOIS, PHILIP. Recipe Book and Papers (early-to-mid 19th century). Donor unknown.

Small hand-sewn book consisting of approximately 25 recipes for baked desserts and pickled foods. Desserts represented include jumbles, cookies, wafers, sponge cake, pound cake, honey cake, composition cake, cream cake, gingerbread, crullers, etc. Throughout the book, the recipes contain ingredients only, with very few cooking or baking instructions given. Measurements are listed in terms of cups, teacups, wine glasses, handfuls, gills, and cents-weight. Typical ingredients listed are sugar, molasses, butter, eggs, milk and flour. Other ingredients occasionally include rose water, pearl ash saleratus (types of baking sodas), alum, and "thick-milk." The book is in fair condition and quite legible throughout.

ELTING, ANNA MARIA. Recipe Book (1819-ca. 1869). Donor unknown.

Hand-sewn book and loose papers of Anna Maria Elting of the town of Rochester, Ulster County, New York, and other unidentified authors containing approximately 150 recipes for desserts, beverages, meats, pickled foods, condiments, as well as a few home remedies for common ailments, and instructions and/or measurements for making dyes, tree-grafting wax, and bedspreads. There are also a few notes on financial transactions. The large majority of the food recipes concern baked desserts such as pound cakes, sponge cakes, wedding cakes, rusks, fritters, oly cakes (doughnuts), crullers, gingerbread, fruit cakes, honey cakes, almond macaroons, (spelled macaroni) and boiled puddings. Recipes of particular interest are Long Bridge Cake and Balance Cake. Ingredients typically consist of sugar, molasses, honey, butter, milk, eggs, flour, rose water, saleratus, isinglass (fish gelatin used as thickener), thick-milk, and caraway seeds. Other recipes relate to pickled oysters, meatballs, stuffed veal, corned beef, wine, beer, and mushroom catsup. Very few instructions are given with the recipes. Measurements identified by weights, cups, teacups, wine glasses, or gills (liquid measurement, approximately one/quarter of a pint). A second section of the book, chiefly dating from the 1850s, attributes several recipes to specific (probably local) individuals such as Margaret Cooper, Mary Johnson, and Elizabeth Hasbrouck. Also in the book are several newspaper clippings and handwritten notes containing more food and dessert recipes, remedies for common ailments suffered by both humans and livestock, and notes relating to the purchase and sale of items and services such as goose feathers, medicine and medical attendance. Of particular note is a letter written by J.B. Ten Eyek (Ten Eyck) of Newburgh, Orange County, New York to Philip Eltinge discussing recipes for curing hams, seasoning sausage, and pickling tomatoes. To view a few pages from this recipe book, click here.

GRAHAM, MARIA H. and PHINNEY, LOUISA. Recipe/Ciphering Book and Papers (1874-1907).

Donated by Anna C. Brown, date unknown. Originally formed part of the collection now known as the Brown/Phinney Family Papers: Anna C. Brown Collection (1773-1951). Store-bought, hard-covered journal and accompanying newspaper clippings and handwritten notes containing recipes recorded by Maria H. Graham, school and personal entries by Louisa Phinney. The approximately 50 recipes in the book date from the 1870's and list ingredients for both savory and sweet dishes such as cakes, puddings, dressings and occasional other dishes. Some recipes are attributed to Alice Van Kleeke, a Mrs. Rapalze (Rapalye), Mary Deyo, and E. McCarthy. Specific recipes include pearl cake, cork cake, jumbles, cream cake, coconut cake, fruit cake, mock oysters of green corn, tapioca pudding, chicken salad, cole slaw dressing, blanc mange, ginger snaps, tomato catsup, baked omelet, and Indian bread. Contemporary measurements such as cups and teaspoons as well as measurements listed by weight or by terms such as Îwine glass' or Îtea cups.' Ingredients used in the recipes include butter, eggs, flour, cream of tartar blend, turnpike emptins, and corn starch. The second section of the book contains school and personal entries of Louisa Phinney, daughter of schoolteacher and physician Leander Phinney. The majority of this section is comprised of writing exercises, practice letters, poetry, and diary-type entries. There are also a few recipes for desserts as well. Throughout these entries are also names of friends, sometimes with brief messages attached. Some names include Mollie Phinney of Shawagunk, Susen Terwilliger, Carrie Mulford, Josiah Phinney, Anson Freer, Flora T. Howell of Pine Bush, Ella Phinney, Emma Tranter, Silas Howell, George Van Wyck, and Jennie Phinney. Many of these were apparently classmates of Louisa, possibly at Galeville (town of Shawagunk ). Accompanying this book are loose handwritten notes, news clippings and greeting cards. The notes and clippings contain household hints, recipes, song lyrics, etc.

HOWELL, MARY CLINTON. Recipe Book and Papers (1861-1922). Donor unknown.

Small, store-bought journal with sewn board covers entitled "Howell's Book of Recipes" containing approximately 75 recipes for both sweet and savory dishes and occasional remedies and poems. Dessert recipes include bread pudding, crullers, fruit cake, sponge cake, gingerbread, honey cake, jumbles, Indian Pudding, Quaker Cake, Jenny Lind Cake, Racahout, Love Cake, Paradise Pudding, grape pickles, and raisin pickles. Savory recipes for cole slaw, wheat and corn breads, omelets, wine sauce, popovers, cucumber pickles, peas au sucre, parsnips sautés, pork cake, and beefsteak smothered in onions. Ingredients for the recipes are typically limited to standard items such as milk, eggs, butter, etc., but others such as fine-flour and small-milk are also mentioned. Also in the book are poems and notes written to Mary from relatives and friends, a small booklet entitled "The Chiris Book of Salads" (1908), and newspaper clippings containing recipes, remedies, poems, quotations, housekeeping hints, and a clipping of a photograph of King Edward VII of England shortly before his coronation, ca. 1902).

KIERSTED, ETTA, J. Recipe Book and Papers (1869-1919).

Originally formed part of the collection now known as the Kierstead Family Papers (1732-1885), which were purchased by the Huguenot Historical Society from Guthman Americana in 1983. Store-bought, hardbound journal, loose notes, and newspaper and magazine clippings kept by Etta J. Kiersted containing approximately 175 recipes organized into the following categories: cakes, puddings, pies, pickles, breads, cures, soups, jellies and preserves, summer beverages, and other miscellaneous recipes. Recipes of interest include Washington Cake, bread cake, Lincoln Cake, Railroad Cake, and Cloud's Dog Cakes, "Eliza Tenbrook's Ole Cooks," "Helen Longhran's Crullers," "Aunt Marriah's Cup Cakes," "ãSarah Finch's Fruit Cake" (dated 1877), "Mother Hasbrouck's Tea Biscuit," and "Lepold Cake." Accompanying many of the recipes are comments on their quality, or to identify them as "old-fashioned." The recipes tend to call for specific ingredients by name or types in addition to the more generic types found in the other recipe books in this collection. Ingredients such as Graham flour, sifted flour, tapioca, molasses, cream of tartar, baking soda, saleratus, isinglass, calf's foot, gelatin, are all listed, as well as spices such as pepper, celery seed, mustard seed, cloves, cinnamon, allspice, nutmeg, and mace. Measurements are mainly given in cups or spoons, but some recipes give more specific measurements such as pounds, ounces, teacups, quarts, pints, and gills. Most of the recipes do not include preparation instructions and instead provide only listings of ingredients. Among the loose papers kept with the book are newspaper and magazine clippings and handwritten notes containing more recipes, as well as poems, household hints, and a Crisco product label. Other names listed include Watson M. Freer of Kingston, NY, Nellie K. Hasbrouck, also of Kingston, and E. Deyo.

MISCELLANEOUS. Recipes, clippings, etc. (1883-1940). Donor unknown.

Unidentified notebook fragment, clippings from newspapers, magazines, and product labels, pamphlets, and loose, handwritten notes containing recipes and other information relating to food preparation, preservation, and consumption. There are also approximately 100 clippings containing recipes for both sweet desserts and savory main-course dishes, as well as diet advice and commentary concerning the European conflict before World War II. Many clippings contain advertisements for products of national companies such as Sun-Maid, Nabisco, Wonderbread, River Brand, Watkins, Nestle's, G.L.F., and the National Mfg. Co. One clipping concerns the American Godmother's League. Some names associated with these items include William C. Blake and Robert Burnett of New Paltz, New York, George Campbell Hall , New York , New York , and S. Deyo . Pamphlets and other publications contain recipes, household hints, advertisements, advice, and trivia. In these pamphlets are approximately 600 recipes for sweet desserts and savory dishes such as hermits, cakes, cinnamon dough, raglets, Jolly-boys, assorted breads, potato yeast, pickles, beverages, potpies, meat dishes, potato chips, salads, foods for invalids, soups, teas, and muffins. Household hints discuss recipes for canning, soap, remedies for poison ivy, and ant removal. Also, an unidentified notebook fragment consists of 28 pages of recipes for dessert recipes such as puddings, cakes, cookies, fudge, and sweet breads. There are also recipes for sweet chili sauce and "Martha's Cream Cabbage."

PHINNEY, LEANDER. Diary and Papers (1838-1930). Donated by Anna C. Brown, date unknown.

Originally formed part of the collection now known as the Brown/Phinney Family Papers: Anna C. Brown Collection (1773-1951). Small, hand-sewn journal kept by schoolteacher and physician Leander Phinney of the town of Shawagunk containing entries on a variety of subjects, including the weather, butchering, sleigh-riding and ice skating, parties and lectures, schoolwork, lessons in history and geography, household hints and recipes for baked desserts. The book is primarily important for its documentation of 19th century medical practices in southern Ulster County. Particularly useful are several receipts of Phinney that discuss medical visits to local residents and vaccinating children. There is also a very small, thin book that contains notes relating to the understanding and curing of various common ailments. Recipes in the main journal chiefly refer to desserts such as ice cream, Charlotte Russe, coconut pudding, Blanc Mange, jumbles, crullers, sponge cake, pound cake, and gingerbread. Other information of note consists of a list of boys who attended the Orange County Institute from 1837-1839, an Annual Catalog of the Instructors and Pupils in the Newburgh Seminary (1842). Names mentioned include a Mr. Nichols, William and James Ward, Joel Farnes, George Ralston, Caroline Bellows, Henry Johnson of New Hurley, Jennie Phinney, Tillie Bruyn, Levi Hasbrouck, and Ann Bevier Hasbrouck.

SUTTON, HATTIE F. Recipe Book and Papers (1877-1892). Donor unknown.

Hard-bound, store-bought book kept by Hattie F. Sutton containing handwritten entries and newspaper clippings representing approximately 140 recipes, 30 remedies, and 30 hints for household maintenance and personal care. The majority of the recipes are for desserts such as cakes, pies, puddings, frozen desserts, cookies, biscuits, and gingerbreads. In addition to recipes for typical items such as fudge, lemon pie, chocolate cake, honey cake, fruit cake, etc., recipes of specific interest include coffee cake (using ãstrong coffeeä as an ingredient, Beef Stake Cake (which bears the name due to its appearance), Dutchess County Cake, Snow Cake (which contains a listing for an ingredient known as ãhartshornä), and Feather Cake. There are also recipes for beverages, including elderberry wine, blackberry wine, and Epp's Beer. Savory dishes listed include Dutch Cheese, corned beef, egg omelets, scalloped oysters, salmon salad, oysters pot pie, frizzled beef, potato salad, corn fritters, beef tea, and beef or veal pie. Unlike the dessert recipes, which typically list only ingredients, there are some preparatory instructions for savory dishes. Examples include instructions for cooking pigeons, canning corn, preparing sausage. Measurements for both savory and sweet recipes are listed mainly in common terms such a cups, teaspoons, etc. This book also contains remedies for common ailments, diseases and phobias such as rheumatism, measles, the grip, felon, boils, earaches, coughs, chills, cold sores, hydrophobia, baldness, drowning victims, cholera, diphtheria. Rum, morphine, laudanum, and paregoric are listed as ingredients to various remedies. Other items in this collection include household hints for cleaning jewelry, farming and planting, poultry management; as well as advertisements, and an article about the maple sugar industry.

UNIDENTIFED. Recipe Book and Papers (1831-1917). Donor unknown.

Store-bought, hardbound journal containing approximately 120 recipes, remedies, and household hints. Recipes chiefly relate to sweet desserts, but some savory dishes such as oyster pie, chicken salad, shad, and sausage are listed as well. Dessert recipes include coconut cake, cork cake, pound cake, fruit cake, sponge cake, measure cake, gingerbread, crullers, jellies, marmalades, and fruit syrups. Recipes for Mountain Cake, Shrewsbury Cake, Lincoln Cake, Current Shrub, Sermon Cake, "Essie Bevier's Honey Cake" (dated 1877), "M. Phinney's Ice Cream" (copied from The Goudy Lady), Panela, and Condale are also listed. Ingredients listed in the recipes typically include milk, eggs, flour, honey, etc., but other ingredients such as baking powder, saleratus, cream of tartar, ground rice and sago and corn meal are listed as well. Very few recipes include preparation instructions. Measurements are typically listed in contemporary terms such as cups and teaspoons. Other items found in the book and accompanying loose papers include instructions for preserving butter, removing tar spots, purifying water, using salt medicinally, recipes for soda biscuits, news clippings of a tornado in New Hurley (1831), remedies for poison ivy, snake bite, cancer, sunstroke, and poisons, farmer's hints, a discussion of the vomiting peculiar to Cholera,ä recipes for beef cures, Temperance Mince Pies, and instructions for "dislodging a fish bone from the throat."


[1] A recipe index to the collection that Hasbrouck used during her research is kept in the archives and is available upon request. The numbering system is outdated, but the index does contain some full-text transcriptions of recipes.

[2] BROWN/PHINNEY FAMILY Family Papers: The Anna Brown Collection (1773-1951).
BROWN, MARY ANNE (1867-1945), Papers (1812-1901).

CRISPELL, ABRAHAM ELTINGE (1823-1881). Papers (1815-1881).
BEVIER, LEWIS COE (b. 1844), Civil War Letters (1862-1922).
GEROW, STEPHEN (1855-1918), Papers (1863-1918).
HASBROUCK, DUBOIS HOUGHTALING (1825-1865), Physician's Book and Papers (1846-1867).
HASBROUCK, IRA HAIT (1844-1930), Papers (1864-1906).
VREELAND, JACOB (b. 1817), Family Papers (1822-1904).